Felt - Early twentieth century
This red felt fez hat is thought to be from Turkey. It has been cut or torn open into the shape of a cross, so may have been adapted as a Christian symbol despite the fez generally being associated with Muslim cultures and countries.
Fez hats achieved widespread popularity in the nineteenth century when the Ottoman Sultan forbade his civil servants from wearing turbans and required them to wear the fez instead. By 1925 however, the fez itself had become traditional and was banned in Turkey by Atatürk as part of modernising reforms.
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