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Marriage of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster at Reading Abbey in 1359

Oil on canvas by Horace Boardman Wright - 1914

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Marriage of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster at Reading Abbey in 1359, by Horace Boardman Wright, 1914

This painting shows the marriage of John of Gaunt to Blanche of Lancaster in Reading Abbey on 19 May 1359. John of Gaunt and his bride walk from beneath a gilded canopy towards the officiating Bishop of Salisbury. Four lords support the wedding canopy. The one nearest to Blanche is her father, Henry Duke of Lancaster. Close by is the poet Chaucer, clothed in black and bearing a scroll. On the throne is John’s father, King Edward III, beneath a crimson canopy decorated with the lions of England. Beside the King are two of the royal princes, Edward the Black Prince and Prince Lionel.

This was an important marriage in English history. Blanche was the heiress to the Duchy of Lancaster and John of Gaunt was made Duke of Lancaster after her father’s death. The Lancastrian dynasty descended from John of Gaunt who was the fourth son of Edward III. John’s son Henry was to depose Richard II in 1399 and then reigned as Henry IV. The Yorkists, including Edward IV, claimed the throne through their descent from Edward III's third and fifth sons. The two parties were finally united when Henry VII, a descendent of John of Gaunt through an illegitimate line, married Elizabeth of York, the eldest daughter of Edward IV.

This is one of ten paintings illustrating important events in the history of Reading Abbey. They were commissioned from 1909 onwards by Dr Jamieson Boyd Hurry, a local doctor with a particular interest in Reading Abbey.

Museum object number REDMG : 1931.275.1

width 1510 mm, height 2090 mm

See related topic: Reading Abbey